Collective Tower

Adrian Lahoud



The Collective Tower, proposed for Tripoli, Lebanon, by Adrian Lahoud addresses the co-existence between different city forms, specifically the small-scaled, fine-grained building divisions within towers and skyscrapers.

03Site 01 [right] – Site 02 [left]


Like many cities in the Middle East, Tripoli is an old and finely-grained city with small scale forms that have been developed by tradition and necessity over centuries. With the recent advent of technology and globalism these details are being replaced with generic forms of high-density development. Adrian Lahoud’s proposal explores this problem with a tower that has a reduced footprint that minimally disrupts the fabric of the existing city.

04Diagram 01




The tower is a flexible triple support structure that transforms to accommodate the many small and variable site conditions that are characteristic of fine-grained sites in older cities. The collective structure is a bundle of three smaller towers joined in the middle for structural stability.

By joining the towers at the middle, two significant changes are introduced; firstly, the public podium level occurs at the mid-rise of the tower, while the ground condition – now shaded by the volume above can take on a more active public character. The project is designed as the collection of a series of semi-autonomous scalar problems. Each problem registers in the building in different ways. The idea is to develop a generic and repeatable strategy at each register.

07Plan 01


08Plan 02





About the architect: Adrian Lahoud is an architect, urban designer and researcher. Through private practice, teaching and research, he explores the disputed, conflicting and often paradoxical transformations of cities.

In 2010 he edited a special issue of Architectural Design titled Post-traumatic Urbanism. Forthcoming in 2012 is Project for a Mediterranean Union on speculative transport, energy and media infrastructure in North Africa and the Middle East. His architectural work has been featured in the Wall Street Journal and USA Today. In 2011, his work was exhibited at the Prague Quadrennial, Gwangju Design Biennale Seoul curated by Ai Weiwei. His theoretical research work, The Life of Forms in the City explores the problem of scale and complexity in architecture and the city. In 2012 he will be Guest Curator for the Think Space Competition Cycle – Past Forward.

Currently, he is a Lecturer at Centre for Research Architecture, Goldsmiths, and University of London.

Project data:
Location: Tripoli, Lebanon
Status: Concept
Assistants: Alina McConnochie, Sally Hsu, Regan Ching, Erik Escalante
Software used: GC (Generative components by bentley), Rhino, 3Ds max, Photoshop

Source: Archdaily,

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